Behind the Play
It is a troop in the Moliéresque sense of the term. That is to say that our shows are made – for the most part – with the same actors and that we define ourselves as a community of destiny – a family of artists, as opposed to the “casting companies” which adapt their distribution to the repertoire they play.
Didier Dicale, Christine Gagnepain, Nicolas Hocquenghem, Hassen Sider and Philippe Villiers. 4 actors and 1 technician and light designer.
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Between the 9th century and 14th century, performing art within the West was restricted to spiritual historical enactments and morality performances, organized by the Church in celebration of holy days and different important occasions. In the context of performing arts, dance usually refers to human motion, sometimes rhythmic and to music, used as a form of viewers’ entertainment in a performance setting. Definitions of what constitutes dance are dependent on social, cultural, aesthetic, creative, and moral constraints and vary from practical motion to codified, virtuoso methods such as ballet. There is also a specialized type of nice art, during which the artists perform their work reside to viewers. Most performance art additionally involves some form of plastic art, perhaps within the creation of props.
The Roman historian Livy wrote that the Romans first skilled theatre within the 4th century BCE, with a performance by Etruscan actors. Beacham argues that they had been familiar with “pre-theatrical practices” for some time before that recorded contact. Although Rome had a local custom of performance, the Hellenization of Roman culture within the 3rd century BCE had a profound and energizing impact on Roman theatre and inspired the development of Latin literature of the very best quality for the stage. The solely surviving performs from the Roman Empire are ten dramas attributed to Lucius Annaeus Seneca (4 BCE–65 CE), the Corduba-born Stoic thinker and tutor of Nero. The term comes from a Greek word that means “action”, which is derived from the verb δράω, dráō, “to do” or “to act”.
In explicit, the theatrical model of Thailand’s national epic Ramakien, a model of the Indian Ramayana, stays in style in Thailand even right now. Kālidāsa within the 1st century BC, is arguably considered to be historical India’s best dramatist. Three famous romantic plays written by Kālidāsa are the Mālavikāgnimitram (Mālavikā and Agnimitra), Vikramōrvaśīyam , and Abhijñānaśākuntala . In comparison to Bhāsa, who drew closely from the epics, Kālidāsa can be thought of as an authentic playwright. The earliest recorded theatrical event dates again to 2000 BC with the eagerness plays of Ancient Egypt. This story of the god Osiris was carried out annually at festivals throughout the civilization, marking the identified beginning of an extended relationship between theatre and religion.
Music is an art type that mixes pitch, rhythm, and dynamic to create sound. It could be carried out utilizing a variety of devices and kinds and is split into genres such as people, jazz, hip hop, pop, and rock, and so on. As an art kind, music can occur in residential or recorded formats and can be deliberate or improvised. Repertory stages about 9 productions all year long including school-wide drama and school-wide musical productions.
It is a challenge to convey together households as a result of they stay unfold throughout 5 boroughs however performances are a draw. Columbia University’s MFA Theatre Program is collaborative, international, and interdisciplinary. It thrives on the in-depth network of Columbia alumni and colleagues who work in prestigious theatres at every stage, who direct and carry out in award-winning productions, and who engage with our college students far past the classroom. Drama, within the narrow sense, cuts across the standard division between comedy and tragedy in an anti- or a-generic deterritorialization from the mid-19th century onwards.
Yuan drama unfold across China and diversified into quite a few regional forms, one of the best known of which is Peking Opera which is still in style right now. They were built using thick leather which created more substantial shadows. The skinny rods which controlled their actions had been hooked up to a leather collar at the neck of the puppet.
Drama, as Bharata Muni says, is the imitation of men and their doings (loka-vritti). As men and their doings have to be respected on the stage, so drama in Sanskrit can be known by the time period roopaka, which implies portrayal. The performing arts are arts similar to music, dance, and drama which are performed for viewers. It is totally different from visual arts, which is when artists use paint, canvas, or numerous materials to create bodily or static art objects. Performing arts embrace a spread of disciplines that are carried out in front of a reside viewers, including theatre, music, and dance.
In order to put on a piece of theatre, both a theatre company and a theatre venue are needed. When a theatre company is a sole company in residence at a theatre venue, this theatre is called a resident theatre or a producing theatre, as an outcome of the venue producing its personal work. Other theatre companies, in addition to dance companies, who wouldn’t have their very own theatre venue, carry out at rental theatres or at presenting theatres.
She is an Assistant Professor at Lesley University, educating drama remedy full time within the Drama Therapy and Mental Health Counseling Graduate Program. Aristotle argues that tragedy consists of six qualitative parts, that are mythos or “plot”, ethos or “character”, dianoia or “thought”, lexis or “diction”, melos or “music”, and opsis or “spectacle”. Having been an important part of human culture for more than 2,500 years, theatre has advanced a variety of various theories and practices. Some are associated to political or non secular ideologies, whereas others are based purely on “creative” issues. Some processes concentrate on a story, some on theatre as occasion, and a few on theatre as catalyst for social change. The classical Greek philosopher Aristotle, in his seminal treatise, Poetics (c. 335 BCE) is the earliest-surviving example and its arguments have influenced theories of theatre ever since.
The Broadway League also reviews that roughly 66% of all Broadway tickets have been purchased by tourists in the 2012–2013 season, a rise of three % from the 2011–2012 season. By way of comparability, London’s West End theatre reported a total attendance of 15.5 million for major industrial and grant-aided theatres in central London for 2018. The common age of the Broadway viewers within the 2017–18 theater season was forty, the lowest it had been in nearly twenty years. Investing in commercial manufacturing carries various degrees of monetary danger. Shows needn’t make a profit immediately; should they make their “nut”, or lose cash at a fee acceptable to the producers, they might continue to run within the expectation that, finally, they’ll pay again their preliminary prices and become worthwhile.
Faced with robust opposition and lobbying by Mayor Ed Koch’s Administration and company Manhattan improvement pursuits, the bill was not handed. The Save the Theatres marketing campaign then turned its efforts to support the establishment of the Theater District as a registered historic district. In December 1983, Save the Theatres prepared “The Broadway Theater District, a Preservation Development and Management Plan”, and demanded that each theater within the district obtain landmark designation. Mayor Ed Koch ultimately reacted by making a Theater Advisory Council, which included Papp.
Original solid members Aaron Tveit, Danny Burstein, Sahr Ngaujah, Tam Mutu, Ricky Rojas, and Robyn Hurder are set to return, but not Karen Olivo, who quit the show in a viral Instagram Live video due to Broadway’s myriad points, together with abusive producers and systemic racism. This theatrical epic about the meteoric rise and catastrophic downfall of a monetary dynasty resumes performances at the Nederlander Theatre on September 25, 2021, with an official opening of October 14, 2021. The critically acclaimed London switch was still in previews when the shutdown hit. Original forged members Simon Russell Beale and Adam Godley return to the production, and Adrian Lester replaces Ben Miles. Manhattan Theatre Club introduced that the postponed revival of Paula Vogel’s Pulitzer Prize-winning play How I Learned to Drive would open in spring 2022 on the firm’s Broadway house, the Samuel J. Friedman Theatre. Stars David Morse and Mary-Louise Parker, who are reprising the roles they originated Off-Broadway in 1997, remain with the production.
Gilbert and Sullivan’s family-friendly comedian opera hits, starting with H.M.S. Pinafore in 1878, have been imported to New York. They were imitated in New York by American productions such as Reginald Dekoven’s Robin Hood and John Philip Sousa’s El Capitan, together with operas, ballets, and other British and European hits. Tony Pastor opened the primary vaudeville theatre one block east of Union Square in 1881, the place Lillian Russell carried out. Comedians Edward Harrigan and Tony Hart produced and starred in musicals on Broadway between and 1890, with e-book and lyrics by Harrigan and music by his father-in-law David Braham.
Producers of this musical, which was a transfer from the New York Theatre Workshop, introduced it is going to be rescheduled for sometime between the winter of 2021 and 2022. Radio City canceled its annual holiday extravaganza for 2020—the first time that’s happened since it began in 1933! Happily, the world-famous Rockettes will return alive and kicking on November 5, 2021. The six wives of Henry VIII—two Catherines, a Katherine, two Annes, and the Jane Seymour who didn’t star in Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman—sing their grievances in a new musical that takes the form of a modern pop live performance. Conceived in 2017 by a pair of students at Cambridge University, Toby Marlow and Lucy Moss, the present moved rapidly to the Edinburgh Festival Fringe and then to the West End. Broadway’s love affair with males in drag continues with this musical adaptation of the 1993 movie about a divorced dad turned cross-dressed Scottish housekeeper.
Some are proud winners of Tony Awards, however, you needn’t restrict yourself to the shows with the best accolades. There’s lots of variety out there, as our full A–Z listing attests. We sell major, discount, and resale tickets that may be priced above or under face value. We sell major, low cost and resale tickets, all 100 percent guaranteed they usually may be priced above or under face value. We promote the main, discount, and resale tickets, all 100 percent assured prices may be above face value.
The theater sometimes hosts large-scale productions that match the huge dimension of the house. After, and even during, successful runs in Broadway theatres, producers typically remount their productions with new casts and crew for the Broadway nationwide tour, which travels to theatres in main cities throughout the country. Sometimes when a present closes on Broadway, the whole manufacturing, with most if not all the unique forged intact, is relaunched as a touring firm, therefore the name “Broadway national tour”.
After being shut down during previews in 2020, this musical primarily based on the beloved 1993 Robin Williams comedy is about to resume on October 21, 2021, at the Stephen Sondheim Theatre, with an official opening date of December 5, 2021. Producers announced that this 2019 Tony Award winner for greatest musical would resume performances on September 2, 2021, at the Walter Kerr Theatre, making it the primary Broadway show to reopen post-shutdown. We can’t wait till Orpheus and Eurydice return to the world of the residing. Producers introduced that this long-running revival of Kander and Ebb’s musical will resume performances on September 14, 2021, at the Ambassador Theatre. We can’t wait to look at its merry murderesses croon and kill once more.
It could have essentially been the most theatrical name of all the legit theaters, but the Broadway Theatre was actually created as a film home. Built-in 1924 by a movie show chain owner, it was initially named B.S. In 1930, Moss determined to convert the theater right into a reliable home, and the Broadway Theatre formally opened with Cole Porter’s The New Yorkers. In its early years, the Broadway’s stage noticed such stars as Milton Berle, Alfred Drake, Zero Mostel, Mae West, Eartha Kitt, Vivien Leigh, and Jose Ferrer, and audiences heard songs by the likes of Irving Berlin, Oscar Hammerstein II, Noel Coward, and even Duke Ellington. During the Golden Age, most of the extra notable reveal to play on the Broadway Theatre were well-liked productions that transferred from other theaters, such as South Pacific, Funny Girl, The Music Man, Cabaret, Mame, Fiddler on the Roof, and The Wiz.
Like many theatres of all sizes throughout the country, ISC found itself turning half of its space into their model of a television studio, complete with a green display and numerous set items. The firm even employed a professional editor to help finalize the project. Even so, despite elements of the manufacturing process that have been nearer to film or television than theatre, ISC originally took their production to Equity for contracts and approval. to increase the work weeks needed to qualify for health care, to not point out the government’s unwillingness to assist artists in this time of dire want. To Equity and a lot of its members, the fact that a number of stage productions have begun to work beneath SAG New Media agreements looks like a menace, not a collaboration. Housed in “The Little Church Around the Corner,” The Actors’ Guild Hall is run by the Episcopal Actors’ Guild.
Still, even when firms work to mold SAG-AFTRA agreements to Equity expectations and craft equivalent facet deals for stage managers, from Equity’s perspective it isn’t practically sufficient. In the Sixties, Actors’ Equity performed a task in gaining public funding for the humanities, including the founding of the National Endowment for the Arts. By December 1929 the Actors Equity Association was nicely beneath the curtain negotiating phrases to reset the movie stage underneath higher circumstances, but this was the least of their issues. In late December teams of theater house owners in addition to non-represented producers filed lawsuits to assert damages done by the Actors Equity Association’s contract maintain out. “The plaintiffs not solely seek a short-term injunction in opposition to the defendants, pending trial on an order to indicate trigger why an everlasting injunction should not be granted, but additionally ask damages of $100,000.”
After the meeting, Mr. Gillmore notified the Actors Equality that appearances in sound and talking movement footage has been suspended until the outcome of the conferences between Frank Gillmore, Equity’s president, and the worldwide Studio Crafts Union. Anyone else who’s concerned about the production of motion pictures was additionally encouraged to attend. In 1896 the primary Actors Union Charter was acknowledged by the American Federation of Labor as a try to create a minimum wage for actors being exploited.
Last weekend, SAG-AFTRA called on the AFL-CIO to mediate a dispute with AEA over what rights it has in relation to filmed content from theater levels. The waiver also requires AEA to acknowledge SAG-AFTRA has jurisdiction over these filmed events — something it has refused to do. Actors’ Equity estimates SAG-AFTRA’s alleged raid on its companions has led to $600,000 in misplaced earnings for its members who can’t work for these employers and $154,000 in misplaced contributions to the union’s health fund. 3) You can be part of the American Federation of Television and Radio Artists, and when you work as a “precept” in an AFTRA project, you would possibly be eligible to hitch SAG after a year’s membership in AFTRA. SAG additionally honors this type of “sister” union courtesy with the American Guild of Variety Artists (AGVA – clowns and other selection artists) and Equity. And so it got here to be that if you needed to be a knowledgeable actor, you would wish to turn into a union member.
The contracts enable performers to proceed to receive the weekly salaries they’d been getting pre-pandemic. AEA mentioned this generated $2.5 million in earnings for workers, as well as $670,000 in contributions to their well-being fund. The pandemic has put the leisure business under huge strain, shuttering productions and forcing unions to chop staff as member dues dwindle. SAG-AFTRA has laid off about 170 staffers for the explanation that the outbreak began.
New York-based Actors’ Equity Assn. , which was based in 1913, represents greater than 51,000 professional singers, actors, dancers, and stage managers. It has contracts with theater teams and other employers from Broadway to the West Coast, in addition to theme parks like Disney World and casinos, for example. This can mean the massive, “silver” display, or the little television display, and consists of jurisdiction on something that’s “filmed” as verses “videotaped”.
Health insurance coverage funds affiliated with both Equity and SAG-AFTRA are dealing with criticism after making insurance tougher to obtain because of sharply diminished revenues. And this week members of the American Federation of Musicians, which represents musicians who carry out onstage and on-air, protested television networks, in search of larger compensation for streaming work. SAG-AFTRA’s new media deal itself is under scrutiny by Equity, with criticisms flying about how it offers a minimum day price of $125, presumably allowing theatres to undercut what they might have paid had their manufacturing been on an Equity contract. Equity contracts typically stipulate weekly funds, so one-to-one comparisons are tough, however, ISC’s Melville conceded that Equity’s charges are total higher for actors than SAG-AFTRA’s. On the opposite hand, he noted that $125 is simply minimal; the SAG-AFTRA business representative he spoke to made clear that the theatre could pay extra if it needed to. The Actors Equity Association allowed small numbers of contracts to be negotiated over the subsequent few years.
When Hollywood stars shifted their alliance to SAG, the tide started to turn. Acting is one of the most individualistic professions on the earth. Unlike, say, legislation enforcement or working a Detroit meeting line, actors have no alternative but to leap from gig to gig every time their latest project wraps up. As Backstage magazine says, the uncertainty makes acting an intensely aggressive field. Many actors are determined enough that studios and show-runners may pressure them into compromising on wages or working conditions.
This would additionally give all energy and illustration to at least one organization to have the ability to create an extra organized equality strike. The Actors’ Equity Association, generally known as Actors’ Equity or simply Equity, is an American labor union representing the world of residing theatrical performance, versus film and tv efficiency (which is represented by SAG-AFTRA). However, performers appearing on live stage productions without a guide or through-storyline could additionally be represented by the American Guild of Variety Artists. As of 2010, Equity represented over 49,000 theatre artists and stage managers.
Whether you’re getting your tickets straight from the field office, buying online, or ready in line on the TKTS sales space on Duffy Square, Broadway offers a Times Square experience for everyone to get pleasure from. At first, movies have been silent and introduced solely restricted competition. By the tip of the 1920s, films like The Jazz Singer have been presented with synchronized sound, and critics were puzzled if the cinema would exchange stay theatre altogether. While reside vaudeville could not compete with these cheap movies that featured vaudeville stars and main comedians of the day, different theatres survived.
Some will even play “break up weeks”, that is half per week in a single town and the second half in one other. The production values are normally much less lavish than the everyday Broadway nationwide tour or nationwide touring production and the actors, whereas nonetheless members of the actor’s union, are compensated beneath a unique, much less profitable union contract. The Touring Broadway Awards, offered by The Broadway League, honored excellence in touring Broadway. The classification of theatres is governed by language in Actors’ Equity Association contracts. To be eligible for a Tony, a product should be in a home with 500 seats or more and in the Theater District, which are the factors that outline Broadway theatre.
Although the theater is the generally most well-liked spelling within the United States, many Broadway venues, performers, and trade groups for stay dramatic shows use the spelling theatre. The following have been introduced as future Broadway productions. The theatre in which they will run could not yet be recognized, or, if recognized, may be currently occupied by another present. Broadway productions and artists are honored by the annual Antoinette Perry Awards (commonly referred to as the “Tony Awards”, or “Tony”), given by the American Theatre Wing and The Broadway League, and that was first offered in 1947.
During this time, the play Lightnin’ by Winchell Smith and Frank Bacon grew to become the first Broadway show to achieve seven hundred performances. From then, it will go on to become the primary show to achieve 1,000 performances. Lightnin’ was the longest-running Broadway show until being overtaken in performance totals by Abie’s Irish Rose in 1925. IBDB archive is the official database for Broadway theatre data. IBDB provides information on productions from the beginnings of New York theatre till right now.
The rest are located on the numbered cross streets extending from the Nederlander Theatre one block south of Times Square on West forty-first Street, north along with both aspects of Broadway to 53rd road, as well as the Vivian Beaumont Theater, at Lincoln Center on West 65th road. Broadway theatre, also merely known as Broadway, refers to the theatrical performances that are offered within the 41 professional theatres, every with 500 or extra seats, situated in the Theater District and the Lincoln Center alongside Broadway, in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. Broadway and London’s West End collectively characterize the best industrial level of residing theater within the English-speaking world. Featuring award-winning music by Andrew Lloyd Webber and lyrics by Tim Rice, Jesus Christ Superstar is set towards the backdrop of an extraordinary series of occasions in the course of the final weeks in the life of Jesus Christ as seen via the eyes of Judas. I simply wish that reopening theatres, opera houses, and live performance halls had been accorded the same sense of urgency that was given to major league and college sports activities occasions.
In this captivating authentic musical, Jordan Fisher now plays the title function of a high school student thrust into social relevance after a classmate’s suicide. Benj Pasek and Justin Paul’s rating combines well-crafted lyrics with an exciting pop sound, and Steven Levenson’s guide offers all the characters shaded motives. Here’s the whole list of performs, musicals, and revivals operating now.
The production was five-and-a-half hours long, however despite its size, it ran for a record-breaking 474 performances. The identical year, The Black Domino/Between You, Me and the Post was the first present to name itself a “musical comedy”. An attractive spectacle jam-packed with pop hits, this stage adaptation of Baz Luhrmann’s movie resumes performances on September 24, 2021, at the Al Hirschfeld Theatre.
The producers of this David Mamet revival said they hoped to mount the present in spring 2021 on the Circle within the Square Theatre. Now that Broadway isn’t reopening till September 2021, we’re ready to hear about new dates. No word on whether Oscar winner Sam Rockwell and Emmy winners Laurence Fishburne and Darren Criss will stay with the production. Second Stage Theater introduced that its revival of Richard Greenberg’s Tony-winning baseball play, which was in rehearsals when the pandemic hit, will open at the Helen Hayes Theater in spring 2022, precise date to be decided. No word on casting, but Modern Family’s Jesse Tyler Ferguson was initially set to star. The producers of this buzzy revival of The Music Man starring Tony winners Hugh Jackman and Sutton Foster announced the production was rescheduled for late 2021, with previews beginning on December 20, 2021, and opening night set for February 10, 2022, at the Winter Garden Theatre.
Aaron Sorkin’s stage adaptation of Harper Lee’s groundbreaking novel about racial injustice is amongst the most profitable performs within the history of Broadway. However, as per The New York Times, the nasty revelations about lead producer Scott Rudin have put the production in jeopardy. We’re waiting to pay attention to whether or not Atticus Finch will as quickly as once more maintain court docket.
Our goal is to foster the development of multifaceted artists with a robust sense of function in approaching their training and craft. AMDA Virtual Open House is an opportunity for potential college students to virtually interact with Broadway veterans, distinguished AMDA college, distinguished alumni, and admissions advisors. London Drama Program Experience the rich dramatic heritage of one of many world’s best theatrical capitals. Take advantage of study-abroad opportunities that reveal the bigger theatrical world, with applications on the IC London Center and the National Theatre Institute in Connecticut or Moscow, Russia. Experience a conservatory-style strategy within a revolutionary, complete, residential faculty expertise.
The program presents undergraduate students the chance to study performance concepts whereas concurrently working with communities outdoors of the college to create and investigate socially engaged efficiency that tackles complicated social points. If you’ve seen the critically acclaimed present Community on NBC, then you’ve seen a Marquette theatre main in motion. “It’s onerous not to think about Marquette as I stroll from my classroom and see the chalk on the ground saying there is a rugby sport this weekend or come to the AMU for this speaker,” said Danny Pudi, a former theatre main who plays Abed on the hit show.
Three famous romantics performs written by Kālidāsa are the Mālavikāgnimitram (Mālavikā and Agnimitra), Vikramuurvashiiya , and Abhijñānaśākuntala . The last was inspired by a narrative within the Mahabharata and is probably the most famous. The origins of theatre in ancient Greece, according to Aristotle (384–322 BCE), the primary theoretician of theatre, are to be found in the festivals that honored Dionysus.
The faculty requires that each college students do an analysis project every year. Seniors create a project by which they analyze a masterwork, write a research paper, and direct a play. Most college students graduate on time, able to do college-level work, together with youngsters with disabilities and people learning English. Experiential learning is the methodology round in which all our coursework during the first two years is centered. We encourage students to master their concentration deeply and completely. We also support learning via a partnership with other concentrations.
The wealth of archeological evidence from earlier periods provides no indication of the existence of a convention of theatre. The ancient Vedas comprise no trace of it and the rituals of the Vedic interval do not appear to have developed into the theatre. The Mahābhāṣya by Patañjali incorporates the earliest reference to what might have been the seeds of Sanskrit drama.
In a 12-year study, UCLA professor James Catterall adopted high school students who participated in performing arts training into their grownup lives to compare them to students who did not participate. Among different advantages, he famous that performing arts training made an optimistic difference in the students’ ability to grasp the feelings of others. There is a widespread misconception that the art of theatre can be mentioned solely in phrases of the intellectual content of the script. Theatre isn’t basically a literary art, though it has been so taught in some universities and colleges. For many years the works of the Greek dramatists, Shakespeare, and other vital writers similar to Friedrich von Schiller were extra prone to be studied than carried out of their entirety. The literary side of a theatrical production works most successfully when it is subordinated to the histrionic.
Aristotle’s phrase “a number of sorts being present in separate elements of the play” is a reference to the structural origins of drama. In it, the spoken components have been written within the Attic dialect whereas the choral ones in the Doric dialect, these discrepancies reflecting the differing spiritual origins and poetic meters of the elements that had been fused into a brand new entity, the theatrical drama. Theatre productions that use humor as a car to tell a story qualify as comedies. This may include a modern farce corresponding to Boeing Boeing or a classical play similar to As You Like It. Theatre expressing bleak, controversial, or taboo subject matter in a deliberately humorous way is known as a black comedy. Black Comedy can have several genres like slapstick humor, dark and sarcastic comedy.
The performances were given in semi-circular auditoria reduce into hillsides, capable of seating 10,000–20,000 folks. The stage consisted of a dancing ground, dressing room, and scene-building area. Since the words had been the most important part, good acoustics and clear supply have been paramount. The actors wore masks acceptable to the characters they represented, and each would possibly play a number of components. It was a part of a broader culture of theatricality and performance in classical Greece that included festivals, religious rituals, politics, regulation, athletics and gymnastics, music, poetry, weddings, funerals, and symposia. Our accomplished school work as performers, administrators, designers, managers, and theatre technicians with the theatrical firms listed beneath.
These ladies had been considered celebrities, but then again, it was nonetheless very new and revolutionary that they were on the stage, and a few said they were unladylike, and seemed down on them. Charles II didn’t like younger men enjoying the components of young girls, so he requested that girls play their very own elements. Because women were allowed on the stage, playwrights had more leeway with plot twists, like girls dressing as men, and having slim escapes from morally sticky conditions as forms of comedy.
Most Athenian tragedies dramatize occasions from Greek mythology, although The Persians—which levels the Persian response to news of their navy defeat at the Battle of Salamis in 480 BCE—is the notable exception within the surviving drama. When Aeschylus won first prize for it on the City Dionysia in 472 BCE, he had been writing tragedies for more than 25 years, yet its tragic remedy of the latest historical past is the earliest instance of drama to outlive. More than one hundred thirty years later, the thinker Aristotle analyzed 5th-century Athenian tragedy in the oldest surviving work of dramatic theory—his Poetics (c. 335 BCE).